What is micropigmentation?

Micropigmentation is an aesthetic specialty of permanent makeup and its purpose is to embellish, correct or improve certain features of the body anatomy, both male and female.

What does it consist of?

The treatment consists of the implantation of pigments at the epidermal or superficial level to give color and shape to various parts of the body, being the most common in the case of women: eyes, lips, eyebrows and chest.

Micropigmentation is a specialty whose objective is to correct, balance, modify and beautify semipermanent certain facial features (eyebrows, lips and eyes) or body (reconstruction of the areola mammary, reconstruction of scars, camouflage of scars, burned skins. ..) through the implantation of pigments at the epidermal level.

What is its duration?

The estimated duration of treatment is between 1 and 3 years, as it is applied at the epidermal level (the pigment is introduced and deposited in layers of the skin more superficial where there is a cell renewal, unlike the tattoo where Inserted at the dermal level.) Where there is cell renewal and therefore the pigment particles are degrading over the years, although the effects are immediate once the treatment. The customer is always advised to make a retouching after 2 years to keep the area in good condition.

With the passage of time these pigments are losing color as their intensity is attenuated. It depends to a great extent on the type of life of the person who is subjected to this process the duration of the same since there are factors such as prolonged exposure to the sun that can modify the color and intensity of the paths.

Steps of micropigmentation

  • The first step is the allergy test, which evaluates whether the patient will be eligible for treatment.
  • Do a face study.
  • Adapt the design as much as possible to the patient’s body and physiognomy, it is essential to carry out a preliminary design test. (At this stage, the professional sketches the final result of the work.)
  • Select the color that best fits the skin of the person and test with non-permanent make-up.
  • During the performance of the micropigmentation the patient may notice uncomfortable sensations, especially if the work is performed in sensitive areas such as the eyes.

  • During the process it is important that the skin is very tense to prevent pinching with the needles.
  • Once the process is completed, the skin should be treated with an antiseptic to prevent any infection.
  • Finally, after a few weeks after the treatment, the patient should go to a review session, where it is possible to evaluate if it is necessary to perform a retouch on the initial work (usually happens in many cases), and in If so, the retouching will be done in the highest level of detail possible.

Pain and anesthesia

The procedure is not painful although in certain cases and depending on the patient anesthesia is required. This anesthesia can be administered as a gel or through an injection applied in the area to be worked.

In the first few days will I look weird?

Any change, however minimal, that affects our appearance requires a period of adaptation. In this case, in addition, we have to take into account that during the first four or five days the micropigmented skin will look a little darker, but it is normal. Small particles have been applied to the skin, it has to be noticed. When this reaction period passes, the leftover pigments will come off and the micropigmented area will look perfect.


Phases of micropigmentation

  • First phase: After the treatment is carried out, an inflammation is caused by the repetitive penetration of the needles.
  • Second phase: In this phase the actual process of scarring and superficial crust formation takes place. During the formation of this, the color darkens. It is only a misleading appreciation that disappears once the crust falls. This process takes about four or five days.
  • Third stage: At this moment the renewal of the epidermis and the recovery of the collagen, an essential component for the skin to maintain its elasticity. In turn the pigments are redistributed in such a way that those that had been deposited in the most superficial layers disappear by cellular renewal. This results in a decrease in the color tone so that more natural results are visible. This phase takes place at 10 days of the intervention.
  • Fourth stage: Total repair of the epidermis occurs in this phase. The pigment particles are distributed between the collagen particles and around the capillaries of the dermis. In turn, the color is further shaded because the granules close to the hair bulbs are rapidly removed due to sebaceous secretion.

Types of pigments

  • Pigments that are introduced into the micropigmentation can be of two types: organic and inorganic.
  • Organic pigments: Those whose fundamental element is carbon. They are generally less desirable than inorganic pigments since they have a higher incidence of allergic reactions.
  • Inorganic pigments: These pigments have as their fundamental component iron oxide. The possibility of allergies with this type of pigments is practically nil. On the other hand the permanent makeup done with this type of products offers a greater fixation and guarantees a loss of color in a more uniform way.

Things to keep in mind

Before the procedure, it is advisable to avoid these substances in order to avoid further bleeding as the blood is liquefied.

  • Alcohol
  • Aspirins
  • Anticoagulant medications
  • Vitamin supplements containing vitamin E, garlic or herbs.

Here is a brief description of some of the areas where this technique is applied.

  • Micropigmentation on the lips: Particular caution should be taken with the dark tones, as these are achieved through the application of a certain amount of blue, which could result in a too dark lipstick that would drastically harden the appearance facial. For micropigmentation on the lips it is preferable to work with warm tones, such as reds and oranges.
  • Mammary glands: Two treatments can be performed: reconstructions, which are performed mainly when the areola has disappeared by a mastectomy And the camouflage of periareolar scars, to hide the scars produced by surgery of increase or decrease of the bust.
  • Scars: Micropigmentation is recommended when the color difference between the scar and the skin is very large. They are complicated treatments, where an optimal result is not always reached. Burned skin: It is a highly recommended treatment, it offers very satisfactory results.
  • Vitiligo: It is a skin disorder characterized by the presence of White spots. With micropigmentation, it is a question of camouflaging the area by matching the color of the depigmented part with that of healthy skin.
  • Incipient alopecia: Allows to hide those areas of the scalp where there is scar or incipient baldness. It is not suitable for areas where baldness is very pronounced. Naturally reshapes the optical presence of hair. Designed essentially for men, it also solves problems of female hair loss or dense hair.